Strength training is the use of resistance to build the strength, endurance, and size of muscles. When properly performed, strength training can provide functional benefits and improvement in overall health and well-being. Some of the benefits include increased bone, muscle, tendon and ligament strength, improved joint function, reduced potential for injury, increased bone density, a temporary increase in metabolism and improved cardiac function.
Weight and resistance training are popular methods of strength training that use gravity or resistance to oppose muscle contraction. Each method provides a different challenge to the muscles.
Resistance training is a form of strength training in which each exercise is performed against resistance. Exercises are isotonic if a body part is moving against the force. Exercises are isometric if a body part is holding still against the force. Resistance exercise is used to develop the strength and size of skeletal muscles. Properly performed, resistance training can provide significant functional benefits and improvement in overall health and well-being.
The benefits of strength training include increased muscle, tendon and ligament strength, bone density, flexibility, tone, metabolic rate and improved posture support.
Remember that strength training is only a component of a balanced exercise routine. You also need to include some cardio, stretching and core exercises to reach peak fitness. Balance is the name of the game.